If you consider the Malatesta and Sigismundo in particular, a failure, he was at all events a failure worth all the successes of his age. He had in Rimini, Pisanello, Pier della Francesca. Rimini still has “the best Bellini in Italy”. If the Tempio is a jumble and junk shop, it nevertheless registers a concept. There is no other single man’s effort equally registered. Sigismundo brought back Gemisto’s cοffin, and I leave the reader to decide whether without that incitement to curiosity even Herr Schulze wd. have dug up the illegible ms. in the Laurenziana or anyone noticed the latin pages bound in at the end of an almost unfindable edtn. of Xenophon. 1460, 140 years after Dante.
Ezra Pound. Guide to Kulchur, frontispiece. Italics in original.
FINALE: SIGISMONDO’S LIFE, 1461-1468
The canto chronicles the last years of Sigismondo’s life, 1461-1468, and connects to the event told at the end of the previous canto: the battle at Nidastore in 1461, Sigismondo’s last military victory. Unfortunately for him, Pope Pius was not prepared for peace: on the contrary, he increasesd his efforts to destroy Sigismondo. The public indicment and the burning in effigy, told in canto X, were Pius's propaganda efforts to annihilate Malatesta and happened after Nidastore (See Timeline). In the next year, 1462, Malatesta lost the battle of Senigallia and the Angevin alliance was also defeated by Ferdinand of Naples. Sigismondo now lacked money to continue the war and trusted in the intervention of Venice, Milan, and Ferrara to curb Pius’s fury. It was Venice which finally stopped Pius from destroying Malatesta by making the peace with Rimini the precondition of the Venetian participation in the war against the Turks, Pius’s most important political project. By the peace of October 1463, Sigismondo was deprived of all his territories and left only with Rimini, which he was allowed to rule until his death.
Pius died a year later and Malatesta, now in the service of the Venetians, was sent to Morea (Peloponnese, Greece) to fight against the Ottomans. After he returned in 1466, he found that the new pope, Paul II, would not even consider his service against the Turks as an argument for returning at least a part of his dominions. On the contrary, Paul sent an envoy to propose that Sigismondo exchange Rimini for a lesser town. Frantic, Malatesta went to Rome to assassinate him. Paul, suspecting his intentions, received him in the company of seven cardinals, and Sigismondo, falling to his knees, implored him to consider his family’s service. The pope gave up the idea of taking Rimini away and hired Malatesta in the papal service with 64 lances and 8000 ducats a year, a pittance and a final insult, which Sigismondo now had to accept.
The canto ends on a humorous note, as Pound eludes a tale of hopelessness and destruction – we see Sigismondo at his most personal, at his home in Rimini, with friends, at play.
|Canto XI title page and tailpiece. A Draft of XVI Cantos. Paris Three Mountains Press, 1925. Designs by Henry Strater.|
|Canto XI in A Draft of XXX Cantos. Paris: Hours Press, 1930. Capitals by Dorothy Pound.|
|Note: The above images are not to scale. The 1925 edition is a folio, whereas the 1930 one is pocket-size.|