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  1. Wilhelm, James J. The Later Cantos of Ezra Pound. New York: Walker, 1977.
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. Formed Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
  3. Stoicheff, Peter. The Hall of Mirrors: “Drafts and Fragments” and the End of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
  4. Lan, Feng. Ezra Pound and Confucianism. Remaking Humanism in the Face of Modernity. Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, 2005. Print.



  1. Qian, Zhaoming. "The World of the Na-Khi." Make It New 1.2 (September 2014): 33-37. Free online
  2. Stoicheff, R. Peter. "The Composition and Publication History of Ezra Pound's Drafts & Fragments." Twentieth Century 32.1 (Spring 1986): 78-94. Print.
  3. Stoicheff, Peter. "Poems' Poetics or Poet's Death: What Ends The Cantos, Maximus, and Paterson?" Genre XXII (Summer 1989): 175-193. Print.




  1. Bush, Ronald. "'Unstill, Ever Turning': The Composition of Ezra Pound's Drafts & Fragments." Text VII (1994): 397-422. Reprinted and updated in Ezra Pound and Europe. Ed. Richard Taylor. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi, 1993. 223-242; and Ezra Pound’s Cantos: A Casebook. Ed. Peter Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 221-246. Print.
  2. Carpenter, Humphrey. A Serious Character. The Life of Ezra Pound. New York: Delta, 1988. [Section: 867-869.] Print.
  3. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. [Section: 271-288.] Print.
  4. Gelpi, Albert. A Coherent Splendor: The American Poetic Renaissance, 1910–1950. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990. [Sections: 244-246; 249-251.] Print.
  5. Kenner, Hugh. 1972. The Pound Era. London: Faber, 1975. [Section: 546-549.] Print.
  6. Liebregts, Peter. “Drafts and Fragments of Cantos CX-CXVII.” Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2004. 372-387. Print.
  7. Marsh, Alec. Ezra Pound. London: Reaktion, 2011. [Section: 215-217.] Print.
  8. Qian, Zhaoming, ed. “P.H. Fang and the Naxi Rites in The Cantos.” Ezra Pound’s Chinese Friends. Stories in Letters. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. 196-206. Print.
  9. Qian, Zhaoming. The East - West Exchange and Late Modernism: Williams, Moore, Pound. Charlottesville and London: University of Virginia Press: 2017. 
  10. Sicari, Stephen. Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 202-17.
  11. Stoicheff, Peter. “The Cantos: Drafts and Fragments of Cantos.The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. Demetres Tryphonopoulos and Stephen J. Adams. Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 2005. 48-49. Print.
  12. Surette, L. A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. [Section: 260-67.] Print.
  13. Taylor, Richard Dean. "Towards a Textual Biography of The Cantos." Modernist Writers and the Marketplace. Eds. Ian Willison, Warwick Gould, and Warren Chernaik. Houndmills: Macmillan, 1996. 223-57.



A Draft of XXX Cantos

Cantos in periodicals