1. Quincey Nov. 13, 1815

  2. .... Is that despotism

  3. or absolute power... unlimited sovereignty,

  4. is the same in a majority of a popular assembly,

  5. an aristocratical council, an oligarchical junto,

  6. and a single emperor, equally arbitrary, bloody,

  7. and in every respect diabolical. Wherever it has resided

  8. has never failed to destroy all records, memorials,

  9. all histories which it did not like, and to corrupt

  10. those it was cunning enough to preserve.....

  11. If the troops cd. be fed upon long letters, I believe the gent. at

  12. the head of that dept. (in this country) wd. be the best

  13. commissary on earth. But till I see him determined to act,

  14. not to write; to sacrifice his domestic ease to the duties

  15. of his appointment, and apply the resources of this country,

  16. wheresoever they are to be had, I must entertain a different

  17. opinion of him.

  18. T.J. to P. Henry, March ‘79.

  19. .....over five and twenty millions of people, when four and

  20. twenty millions and five hundred thousand of them can

  21. neither read nor write ... as impracticable as it wd. be over

  22. elephants in the Menagerie at Versailles.

  23. Napoleon has invented a word, Ideology, which expresses my

  24. opinion.

  25. far advanced we were in the science of aristocracy since

  26. the stallions of Theognis ... Have not Chancellor Livingston

  27. and Major General Humphries introduced an aristocracy

  28. of Merino sheep ... entailed upon us and forever.... of land

  29. jobbers and stock jobbers to endless generations.

  30. AGATHOS, eternal and self-existent

  31.                                             J. A. 1815

  32. .. multiplication of officers and salaries merely to make partisans....

  33. That this possessor be kalos k’àgathos, theocrat, baron, bojar or

  34. rich man matters very little.

  35. .. difference ascribed to our superiority in taking aim when we fire ..

  36. “I speak of the Grand Duke of Tuscany (T. J. to J. A. ‘77)

  37. somewhat avaricious in his nature ... crowns lying dead in

  38. his coffers,... application perhaps from Dr. Franklin wd. be

  39. prudent to sound well before hand....”

  40. (Condorcet has let the cat out of the bag. He has made precious

  41. confessions. I regret that I have only an English translation

  42. of his “Outline of the Historical View of the Progress of

  43. the Human Mind.” But in pages 247, 248 and 249 you will

  44. find it frankly acknowledged that the philosophers of the

  45. eighteenth century adopted all the arts of the Pharisees.

  46. ....was in the minds of the people, and this was effected from

  47. 1760 to 1775 in the course of fifteen years .. before Lexington.....

  48. removal wd. be necessary to more able commissaries rather than

  49. to a more plentiful country. (T. J. on provisions.)

  50. Bonaparte, Poor Devil! what has and what will become of him

  51. .... Cromwell,   Wat TylerJack Cade, i.e. to a bad end.

  52. And Wellington, envied, despised by all the barons, earls,

  53. viscounts, as an upstart, a parvenue elated over their heads.

  54.          (Mr Adams to Thomas Jefferson.)

  55. Litterae nihil sanantes.... whether serpents’ teeth sprang up men ..

  56. cannot appease my melancholy commiseration for our

  57. armies in this furious snow storm (Quincey, November 15th.)

  58. But two things I did learn from him (Plato): That Franklin’s

  59. idea of exempting husbandmen and mariners etc. from the

  60. depredations of war was borrowed from him

  61. and (secondly) that sneezing is a cure for the hickups.

  62. but to keep in countenance the funding and banking system ...

  63. orations, prayers, sermons ... not that they loved General

  64. Washington, but merely to disgrace the old Whigs ...

  65. $75,000 equal to 1,000 specie. (Feb. 1781)

    1. will be worth to the public 20 times as much every year, as in our old

    2. plan he would have paid in a single payment.

    3. limits of his individuality (cancels) and develops his power as

    4. a specie. (Das Kapital) denounced in 1842 still continue

    5. (today 1864) report of ‘42 was merely chucked into the

    6. archives and remained there while these boys were ruined

    7. and became fathers of this generation ... for workshops

    8. remained a dead letter down to 1871 when was taken from

    9. control of municipal ... and placed in hands of the factory

    10. inspectors, to whose body they added eight (8) assistants

    11. to deal with over one hundred thousand workshops and

    12. over 300 tile yards.

    13. Rogier (minister) told me that this government (Brussels) had

    14. been intending to introduce such a law but found itself

    15. (re/ child labour not limited to 12 hours per day) always

    16. blocked by the jealous uneasiness that met any law tamp-

    17. ering with the absolute freedom of labour.

    18.           Lord H. de Walden from Brussels. 1862

    19. They (the owners) denounced the inspectors as a species of

    20. revolutionary commissar pitilessly sacrificing the unfortunate

    21. labourers to their humanitarian fantasies (re/ the law

    22. of 1848).

    23. that no factory-owner shall sit as a magistrate in cases concern-

    24. ing the spinning of cotton ... (Factory Act of John Hobhouse)

    25. nor shall his father, brother, or son.

    26. And if the same small boys are merely shifted from the spinning

    27. room to the weaving room or from one factory to another,

    28. how can the inspector verify the number of hours they

    29. are worked? (1849, Leonard Horner).

    30. Case where the jury (‘62) was to decide whether soot adul-

    31. terated with 90% of dust and sand was “adulterated-in-

    32. the-legal-sense” soot or in the commercial “real soot.” As

    33. friends of commerce decided (the jury decided) it was

    34. “real soot” against the plaintiff with costs.

    35. avénement révolution allemande posait des problèmes nouveaux,

    36. routine commercial être remplacée par création de deux

    37. fonds or et blé destinés au proletariat victorieux (allemand)

    38. to functionaries of legation in Berlin who are members

    39. of the party (1923)

    40. bureaucrat paisible, Tzin Vei se montra, tout à fait incap-

    41. able d’assumer le rôle de chef d’une révolution sanguinaire.

    42. (according to Monsieur Bessedovsky)

    43. for ten years our (Russian) ambassadors have enquired what

    44. theories are in fashion in Moscow and have reported their

    45. facts to fit. (idem)

    46. Bills discounted at exhorbitant rates, four times or three times

    47. those offered by the Midland....

    48. 150 millions

    49. yearly, merely in usurious discounts ...

    50. and he even

    51. (to change the subject)

    52. put into the mouths of the directors of the Federal Reserve 

    53. banks the words that they should say ... “You have got more

    54. than your share, we want you to reduce, we can not let

    55. you have any more.”

    56. (Mr Brookhart)

    57. page 34 of the minutes then they adopted another resolution

    58. page 42 committee of interstate commerce, ask increase

    59. of railroad rates, said to them: wd. suggest, gentlemen,

    60. you be careful not to give out anything about any dis-

    61. cussion of discount rates disturbs everybody immediate

    62. rush never discuss in the newspapers.....

    63. .......& Company’s banker was in that meeting, and next day

    64. he was out after a loan of 60 millions, and got it. Swift-

    65. amoursinclair

    66. but the country at large did not know it.

    67. The meeting decided we were over-inflated.