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614px Mengs Anton Raphael Pietro Leopoldo dAsburgo Lorena granduca di Toscana 1770 Prado

 rsz 1joseph dorffmeister ferdinando iii

Canto 44 carries the story on through the times of the Grand Dukes Pietro Leopoldo (reigned 1765-90), and his son Ferdinando III (reigned 1790-9, 1814-24)—the interruption in the latter’s reign being due to Napoleon’s conquest of Italy. The Monte dei Paschi is in the background now, and the attention is on the exemplary rule of the Grand Dukes in Tuscany, with Napoleon figuring as the anti-hero.

David Moody. Ezra Pound: Poet. Volume II: The Epic Years, 1921-1939. 214


  1. “I speak of the Grand Duke of Tuscany (T. J. to J. A. ‘77)

  2. somewhat avaricious in his nature ... crowns lying dead in

  3. his coffers,... application perhaps from Dr. Franklin wd. be

  4. prudent to sound well before hand....”

Ezra Pound. Canto XXXIII: ll. 36-40.



CANTO XXXIII [the American view of monarchies before the French Revolution; Napoleon]

CANTO XXXVII [reforming political life and fighting debt: Pietro Leopoldo vs Martin van Buren]

CANTO L [Napoleon and Tuscany in the European context]


A Draft of XXX Cantos

ship4 for c1