1. And thou shalt not, Firenze 1766, and thou shalt not 

    2. sequestrate for debt any farm implement 

    3. nor any yoke ox nor 
    4. any peasant while he works with the same. 
    5. Pietro Leopoldo

    6. Heavy grain crop unsold 
    7. never had the Mount lacked for specie, cut rate to four and 1/3rd 

    8. creditors had always been paid, 
    9. that trade inside the Grand Duchy be free of impediments 
    10. shut down on grain imports 
    11. ’83, four percent legal maximum interest 
    12. ’85, three on church investments, motu proprio
    13. Pietro Leopoldo 
    14. Ferdinando EVVIVA!! 

    15. declared against exportation 
    16. thought grain was to eat 

    17. Flags trumpets horns drums 
    18. and a placard
    20. and were sounded all carillons
    21. with bombs and with bonfires and was sung TE DEUM 
    22. in thanks to the Highest for this so 
    23. provident law 
    24. and were lights lit in the chapel of Alexander
    25. and the image of the Madonna unveiled 
    26. and sung litanies and then went to St Catherine’s chapel 
    27. in S. Domenico and by the reliquary 
    28. of the Saint’s head sang prayers and 
    29. went to the Company Fonte Giusta
    30. also singing the litanies 
    31. and when was this thanksgiving ended the cortege 
    32. and the contrade with horns drums 
    33. trumpets and banners went to the 
    34. houses of the various ambulant vendors, then were the sticks of the 
    35. flags set in the stanchions on the Palace of the Seignors
    36. and the gilded placard between them 
    37. (thus ended the morning) 
    38. meaning to start in the afternoon 
    39. and the big bell and all bells of the tower in the piazza 
    40. sounded from 8 a.m. until seven o’clock in the evening
    41. without intermission and next day was procession 
    42. coaches and masks in great number 
    43. and of every description e di tutte le qualità
    44. to the sound always of drums and trumpets 
    45. crying VIVA FERDINANDO and in all parts of the piazza 
    46. were flames in great number and grenades burning 
    47. to sound of bombs and of mortaretti and the shooting of 
    48. guns and of pistols and in chapel of the Piazza 
    49. a great number of candles for the publication of this so 
    50. provident law and at sundown were dances 
    51. and the masks went into their houses 
    52. and the captains of the ward companies, 
    53. the contrade, took their banners to the Piazza Chapel 
    54. where once more they sang litanies 
    55. and cried again Ferdinando EVVIVA 
    56. Evviva Ferdinado il Terzo
    57. and from the contrade continued the drumming 
    58. and blowing of trumpets and hunting horns, 
    59. torch flares, grenades and they went to the Piazza del Duomo 
    60. with a new hullabaloo gun shots mortaretti and pistols
    61. there were no streets not ablaze with the torches 
    62. or with wood fires and straw flares 
    63. and the vendors had been warned not to show goods for 
    64. fear of disorder and stayed all that day within doors 
    65. or else outside Siena. This was a law called 
    66. Dovizia annonaria
    67. to be freed from the Yoke of Licence 
    68. From October 9th until the 3rd of November 
    69. was unforeseen jubilation, four lines of tablet in marble: 
    70. Frumentorum licentia 

    71. coercita de annonaria laxata Pauperum aeque 
    72. divitium bono conservit 
    73. FERDINANDI 1792 
    74. refused to take with him objects of small bulk which he 
    75. held to be the property of the nation. Ferd III. 1796 
    76. that the sovereign be il più galantuomo del paese
    77. the citizen priest Fr Lenzini mounted the tribune 
    78. to join the citizen Abrâm 
    79. and in admiring calm sat there with them the citizen 
    80. the Archbishop 
    81. from 7,50 a bushel to 12 
    82. by the 26th April 
    83. and on June 28th came men of Arezzo 
    84. past the Porta Romana and went into the ghetto 
    85. there to sack and burn hebrews 
    86. part were burned with the liberty tree in the piazza 
    87. and for the rest of that day and night 
    88. 1799 anno domini 
    89. Pillage stopped by superior order 3rd July was discovered a
    90. treason
    91. in the cartridges given the troops 
    92. that is were full of semolina, not powder 
    93. and cherry stone where shd/have been ball 
    94. and in others too little powder 
    95. Respectons les prêtres, remarked Talleyrand 
    96. 1800 a good grain and wine year 
    97. if you wd/get on well with the peasantry 
    98. of the peninsula. 
    99. Premier Brumaire
    100. Vous voudrez citoyen
    101. turn over all sums in yr/ cash box 
    102. to the community, fraternité, greetings. 
    103. Delort 
    104. acting for Dupont Lieutenant General 
    105. Louis King of Etruria, Primus, absolute, without constitution. 
    106. taxes so heavy that are thought to be more than 
    107. paid by subjects of Britain. 
    108. Gen. Clarke to the Ministro degli Esteri
    109. Whereas the fruits of the Mount were the 2/3rds of the one percent 
    110. wherewith to pay all current expenses. Madame ma soeur et cousine
    111. I have received Your Majesty’s letter of 
    112. November twenty-fourth I 
    113. suppose that in the actual circumstances 
    114. She will be in a hurry to get to Spain or at least to 
    115. leave a country where she can no longer 
    116. stay with the dignity befitting her rank. 
    117. I have given orders that she be 
    118. received in my kingdom of Italy 
    119. and in my French States with honours that are due her.
    120. If your Majesty should be in Milan or Turin 
    121. before the 18th of december I should have the 
    122. advantage of seeing her. I am sending an officer my 
    123. aide de camp, General Reile who will deliver this letter. 
    124. He will be charged at the same time to take measures 
    125. for the security of the country and 
    126. to remove men who could trouble its quiet, 
    127. since I learn that Your Majesty has already thought necessary 
    128. to import troops from Lisbon
    129. My troops shd have by now entered that capital 
    130. and taken possession of Portugal 
    131. Wherewith I pray God, Madam my sister and cousin, 
    132. he be pleased to have you in holy and worthy keeping 

    133. At Venice, december fifth 1807 
    134. Your Majesty’s kind brother and cousin 
    135. NAPOLEON 
    136. (his secretary mixing the pronouns You, She, she all to Majesty) 
    137. And those men who ‘with bestial enthusiasm’ took horse place 
    138. were, says the much lesser Bandini, paid by the prefect 
    139. and beforehand prepared. 

    140. “Artists high rank, in fact sole social summits 
    141. which the tempest of politics can not reach,”
    142. which remark appears to have been made by 
    143. Napoleon 
    144. And ‘Semiramis’ 1814 departed from Lucca 
    145. but her brother’s law code remains. 
    146. monumento di civile sapienza
    147. dried swamps, grew cotton, brought in merinos 
    148. mortgage system improved 
    149. ‘Thank god such men be but few’
    150. though they build up human courage 
    151. And before him had been Pietro Leopoldo 
    152. that wished state debt brought to an end; 
    153. that put the guilds under common tribunal; 
    154. that left names only as vestige of feudal chain; 
    155. that lightened mortmain that princes and church be under tax 
    156. as were others; that ended the gaolings for debt; 
    157. that said thou shalt not sell public offices; 
    158. that suppressed so many gabelle
    159. that freed the printers of surveillance 
    160. and wiped out the crime of lèse majesty
    161. that abolished death as a penalty and all tortures in prisons 
    162. which he held were for segregation; 
    163. that split common property among tillers; 
    164. roads, trees, and the wool trade, 
    165. the silk trade, and a set price, lower, for salt; 
    166. plus another full page of such actions Habsburg Lorraine 
    167. His son the Third Ferdinando, cut taxes by half, 
    168. improved tillage in Val di Chiana, Livorno porto franco

    169. and this day came Madame Letizia
    170. the ex-emperor’s mother, and on the 13th departed. 

    171. ‘The foundation, Siena, has been to keep bridle on usury.’
    172. Nicolò Piccolomini, Provveditore