Canto 44 carries the story on through the times of the Grand Dukes Pietro Leopoldo (reigned 1765-90), and his son Ferdinando III (reigned 1790-9, 1814-24)—the interruption in the latter’s reign being due to Napoleon’s conquest of Italy. The Monte dei Paschi is in the background now, and the attention is on the exemplary rule of the Grand Dukes in Tuscany, with Napoleon figuring as the anti-hero.
David Moody. Ezra Pound: Poet. Volume II: The Epic Years, 1921-1939. 214
“I speak of the(T. J. to J. A. ‘77)
somewhat avaricious in his nature ... crowns lying dead in
his coffers,... application perhaps fromwd. be
prudent to sound well before hand....”
Ezra Pound. Canto XXXIII: ll. 36-40.
CANTO XXXIII [the American view of monarchies before the French Revolution; Napoleon]
CANTO XXXVII [reforming political life and fighting debt: Pietro Leopoldo vs Martin van Buren]
Ezra Pound and Dorothy Pound. Canto XXIX. In Shakespear’s Pound: Illuminated Cantos.
Nacogdoches, TX: LaNana Creek Press, [Brookfield: Ashgate Publishing], 1999.
Photo reproduction courtesy of Walter Baumann.