1. Wilhelm, James J. The Later Cantos of Ezra Pound. New York: Walker, 1977.
  2. Bacigalupo, Massimo. Formed Trace. The Later Poetry of Ezra Pound. New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
  3. Lan, Feng. Ezra Pound and Confucianism. Remaking Humanism in the Face of Modernity. Toronto: U. of Toronto Press, 2005. Print.



  1. Casillo, Robert. “L. A. Waddell, and the Aryan Tradition of The Cantos.” Modern Language Studies. 15.2 (1985): 65-81.
  2. Ismail, Jamila. ""News of the Universe": 2Muan 1Bpö & the Cantos." Agenda 9/2-3 (Spring-Summer 1971): 70-87.
  3. McDowell, C. and T. Materer “Gyre and Vortex: W. B. Yeats and Ezra Pound." Twentieth Century Literature 31.4 (winter 1985): 343-67 (CVI 357-8). Print.
  4. Merchant, Moelwyn. "The Coke Cantos." Agenda 17.3-4 – 18.1 (1979/80): 76-85. 
  5. Nicholls, Peter. “‘2 doits to a boodle': Reckoning with Thrones.” Textual Practice. 18.2 (2004): 233-49. Web.
  6. Sieburth, R. “In Pound We Trust: the Economy of Poetry/The Poetry of Economics.” Critical Inquiry 14.1 (1987): 142-172. Print.




  1. Bernetta Quinn, M. “A Study of Thrones by Ezra Pound.” The Merrill Studies in The Cantos. Ed. M. Hénault. Columbus, OH: Ch. Merrill Publishing Company, 1971. 114-125. Print.
  2. Carpenter, Humphrey. A Serious Character. The Life of Ezra Pound. New York: Delta, 1988. [Section: 854-855.] Print. 
  3. Davie, Donald. Ezra Pound. The Poet as Sculptor. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1964. 239-52.
  4. Davie, D. “Res and Verba in Rock-Drill and After” Ezra Pound’s Cantos: A Casebook. Ed. Peter Makin. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2006. 210-220. Print.
  5. Flory, Wendy. Ezra Pound and The Cantos: A Record of Struggle. New Haven: Yale UP, 1980. [Section: 259-271.] Print.
  6. Liebregts, Peter. “Thrones: 96-109 de los Cantares.” Ezra Pound and Neoplatonism. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 2004. 329-371. Print.
  7. Mitchell Wallace, Emily. “Why not Spirits?” – “The Universe Is Alive”: Ezra Pound, Joseph Rock, the Na-Khi, and Plotinus.” Ezra Pound and China. Ed. Zhaoming Qian. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 2003. 213-277. Print.
  8. Nicholls, Peter. "'2 doits to  a boodle': Reckoning with 'Thrones.'" Ezra Pound and Referentiality. Ed. Hélène Aji. Paris: Presses de l'Université de Paris-Sorbonne, 2003. 43-58.
  9. Nicholls, Peter A. “The Cantos: Thrones de los Cantares XCVI-CIX.The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia. Eds. D. Tryphonopoulos and Stephen J. Adams. Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 2005. 46-48. Print.
  10. Nicholls, Peter. Ezra Pound: Politics, Economics and Writing. A Study of The Cantos. London: Macmillan, 1984. 212-221. Print.
  11. Preda, Roxana. “Endings Dis/Continued. Canto CIX.” Ezra Pound’s (Post)Modern Poetics and Politics. New York: Peter Lang, 2001. 139-153. Print.
  12. Qian, Zhaoming, ed. “ P.H. Fang and the Naxi Rites in The Cantos.” Ezra Pound’s Chinese Friends. Stories in Letters. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. 196-206. Print.
  13. Sicari, Stephen. "Thrones."  Pound’s Epic Ambition. Dante and the Modern World. New York: SUNY Press, 1991. 187-96.
  14. Surette, L. A Light from Eleusis. A Study of Ezra Pound’s Cantos. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1979. [Section: 253-260.] Print.


A Draft of XXX Cantos

Cantos in periodicals